Her Best Friend,detail.1882.Emile Munier
Pretty pastel crayons came about in the the 16th century, however, it wasn’t until the 18th century where pastel painting became extremely popular around Europe. The French court often set the tone for what became trendy and fashionable, and having your portrait painted was considered to be the upper end of style and privilege. They favored the matte and velvety surface which were classic traits of pastel paintings, and it was very vogue to have one’s portrait painted in pastel.
In 1780, it was believed that there were less than 2 500 pastel artists in Paris. With France pushing this new look, it was not long before the style spread to other countries such as Sweden where pastel portraits hung on the walls of many palaces and manors.
Many great artists have painted or drawn in pastels such as Liotard, Chardin, Perronneau, Turner, Redon, Vuillard, Cassatt, Monet.
Soft pastels consists of pure artist-quality pigments, which are mixed with water into a paste. The paste is then molded into sticks, which are then dried. A binder is often added to glue the pigments so when the stick is formed, it is held together better.
Older Pastel Paintings
Manufacturers have different ways of making pastels, and often use fillers like clay, chalk and talc which are added to the pigments. Artist’s pastels that are of high quality and value have been known to contain no fillers, just the pigment itself. It has been seen that these older paintings which don’t contain the additives, have remained as fresh as when the artist finished the painting, showing that the higher quality pastels are worth investing into from an artists perspective.
Pastel portraits did have some drawbacks, one being that constant exposure to light ruined them. They also couldn’t be moved around, as the vibration caused the pastel particles to detach from the paper surface. These drawbacks meant that the fashion for pastel portraits began to wane during the 1770s.
Portrait of Maria Frederike van Reede-Athlone at Seven Years of Age, Jeanne-Elisabeth de Sellon, , Portrait of Monsieur Boère, Merchand from Genua , The Chocolate Girl, and Marie Adalaide Jean-Étienne Liotard, Wikipedia, Portrait of Mademoiselle Jacquet, Jean-Étienne Liotard: Junge Frau in türkischem Kleid, 1740–1750, Jean-Étienne Liotard
Jean-Étienne Liotard, Jean Etienne Liotard | Portrait of Marie Josephe van Saksen dauphine van Frankrijk, Jean-Etienne Liotard, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston,Alexander Roslin,Young Lady of the Le Blond Family, Rosalba Carriera, Pastel, portrait de Nicole Ricard enfant par Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788), Portrait Of Kalmyk Girl Annushka Ivan Argunov 1727-1802, Jean-Etienne Liotard (1702-1789) Portrait of Lady Charles Spencer
Jean-Etienne Liotard peinture,pastel,1744 of Jacques de Chapeaurouge
Joseph Wright of Derby, 1760c Simon Wilmot oil on canvas 50.8 x 40.6 cm Private Collection, Queen Louise of Prussia in riding dress. Date circa 1810, Portrait Madame Lenoir, 1764, Joseph Duplessis Siffred (Paris, Musée du Louvre), 1740 Lady, said to be Jenny Cameron of Lochiel by Allan Ramsay, Portrait of Marie [Sophie] Charlotte de La Tour d’Auvergne , princesse de Beauvau, Lady Anne Somerset Countess Northampton, c 1770 Liotard in Turkish dress, Portrait of a young boy in fashionable dress circ 1770 by Carl-Ludwig Christinek (1731-1792), “John Brewster Darley”, Philippe Mercier, 1744; Scarborough Museums and Gallery
A Girl with a Kitten by Jean-Baptiste Perronneau (b.1715, Paris, d.1783, Amsterdam)
Jean-Étienne Liotard: Marie-Rose de Larlan de Kercadio de Rochefort, Marquise des Nétumières, 1750, Pastel on blue-grey laid paper mounted onto thin paper, 60.3 × 50.2 cm (23.7 × 19.8 in), Detroit Institute of Arts
Swedish, 18th century, a pair of unidentified portraits of nobility or royality, both unsigned, the lady, circle of Michael Dahl (Sweden 1659-1743); each 24 x 20 in.
Condition: Condition: No frames, both restored and relined. Light and scattered inpainting. Price Realized: $1,292.50 From Cowan Auctions
Marie-Josèphe de Saxe in the Savoyarde style, 1750-51, Jean-Marc Nattier. Palace of Versailles. Given to the Duchesse de Brancas, the lady-in-waiting of the Dauphine until 1762, it depicts exactly the same face painted by Nattier for the large portrait of the Dauphine in her court dress. But the costume is quite different: Here she is wearing a “marmotte”, a scarf over her hair and tied under her chin. This was the style of the Savoyardes, Parisian women from Savoie, popular between 1740-1750.
Virgilius Eriksen (Denmark) Grand Duke Paul (later the Emperor Paul I), 1764 Oil on canvas, Portrait of a child, 18th century, Rene Tiercelin d.1752, 1761 Countess Stanhope Holding A Dog by Pompeo Bartoni, Philip, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart attrib. to Joseph Hickel, ROSALBA CARRIERA Portrait of Felicita Sartori in Turkish Costume, Rosalba Giovanna Carriera, Maurice de Saxe, Marshall General of France from 1747-1750
Rosalba Carriera (7 October 1675 – 15 April 1757) was a Venetian Rococo painter. In her younger years, she specialized in portrait miniatures. She later became known for her pastel work, a medium appealing to Rococo styles for its soft edges and flattering surfaces.
Jean-Baptiste Antoine Le Moyne
Marie Antoinette, Maurice-Quentin de La Tour French, 1704-1788 Portrait of Jean-Joseph Cassanea de Mondonville, 1746-47 Pastel on blue gray laid paper, laid down on board, Maria Feodorovna, Empress of Paul I of Russia, Madame de Savalette by Maurice Quentin de Latour, Maria Luisa of Parma, Portrait of Empress Maria Fyodorina, 1766 Erzherzogin Maria Christine by Marcello Bacciarelli (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien Austria)
1769 Viscountess Grimston, née Harriot Walter by Leon Pascal Glain
Portrait of a lady by Gustave Jean Jacquet, 1779 Izabela Potocka as Polyhymnia by Pompeo Batoni (Muzeum Pałac w Wilanowie – Warszawa Poland), Marie Antoinette, Louis Tocqué (1696–1772) Portrait of Louis, Dauphin of France 1739 ,Infanta Isabelle de Bourbon-Parme Artist: Jean-Marc Nattier., Portrait of a Girl (said to be Miss Collingwood) by George Romney, 1767, Jean-Etienne Liotard Girl with doll, daughter of the painter and godchild of Maria Theresia, Gabrielle Arnault, Enfant – Louis Leopold Boilly, 1813
GD Yelena as a child, c. 1792., Lady Wearing a Large White Cap, c. 1780, Henrietta Howard, Countess of Suffolk (d. 1767) in masquerade dress, by Thomas Gibson, c. 1720. ©National Trust Images/John Hammond, Portrait of a young lady, bust-length, in a pink dress decorated with rosettes, by Jean-Etienne Liotard (1702-1789), Françoise-Marie Pouget, third quarter of the 18th century, “Young Woman with Bonnet and White Shawl, Holding a Book (The Virtuous Girl)”, by Pietro Antonio Rotari (Italian, 1707-1762)., Mrs. Thomas Edwards Freeman (1758-1782) by Sir Joshua Reynolds., Joshua Reynolds: Lady Anstruther, 1761.
A young servant girl, France, 18thC, attributed to Françoise Duparc (Murcie, 1726 – Marseille, 1778), or Antoine Raspal (Arles, 1738 – 1811), Eine Kaffee Schenkerinn’ Portrait of the Artist’s Daughter, Offering a Cup of Coffee, 1732, by Balthasar Denner (1685-1749), Portrait of Madame Restout, 1738 Pastel, Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788), Madame de Saint-Maurice, 1776, Joseph Siffred Duplessis (French, 1725–1802). exhibited by Duplessis at the Salon of 1777, Gustaf Lundberg (Swedish, 1695-1786) – Girl with a bubble, Marie Josephe of Saxony – Maurice Quentin de La Tour, Portrait of Charlota Fredrika Sparre – Antoine Pesne, 1777 Alexander Roslin – Zoie Ghika, Moldavian Princess