Biedermeier Furniture

Swedish AntiquesA exquisite crystal chandelier from the early part of 19th Century and
Karl Johan period. Frame made on brass with gilt bronze details. Diamond
shaped crystals. Four arms for candles and one in the middle of lower
basket Calles “welcoming candle”. All original.

It was during the mid-19th century, when the Napoleonic Wars were brought to an end, that more suppressive and restrictive policies led society in general to stay within safer communities. An emphasis on home life brought small communities together and an interest in furniture design and interior decorating was fueled as a result. Industrialization and a growing middle class saw waves of development and opportunity.

Up to this point, for many years, war had been on everyone’s mind. They lived and breathed war and basically could taste it. Napoleon had conquered most Europe, and it was very fashionable to embrace the magnificent Empire style that was associated with Napoleon. Masculine mahogany furniture with lots of gilt ornaments was quite prestigious, and Napoleon was known to flaunt the symbols of his vision and empire.

After the wars had ended, society in general was ready for peace. Biedermeier furniture began in Germany, and the style extended into Scandinavia who also put their own spin on the design with a distinct Swedish interpretation. While most Biedermeier furniture was largely identified for excessive gilding and ormolu mounts, Swedish Biedermeier focused on clean lines and minimal ornamentation.

The Biedermeier style was a simplified interpretation of the influential French Empire style that was associated with Napoleon. Empire furniture was a status symbol – everyone had to have it. It became quite popular in neighbouring countries where the look was copied and modified.

Biedermeier furniture was often made from local woods that were commonly available, simply because replicating the look wasn’t exactly affordable. Expensive timbers such as mahogany were very expensive. While the timber was available near trading ports, it was taxed heavily making it very costly. Woods such as Cherry and Pearwood were stained to imitate the more expensive timbers that were seen in France. In Sweden, Blondewoods freshened the look, and the stark lines were softened a little with gentle curves.

Biedermeier furniture was the first style in the world that emanated from the growing middle class. Gottlieb Biedermeier, which the furniture was ironically named after, wasn’t the inventor of the style. He was a German author who in his poems developed a character “Papa Biedermeir” who through satire and mocking the politics of the day caught the attention of the public, and the name just stuck.

Did King Carl John Influence The Style In Sweden?

The answer is yes! Born by the name Jean Bernadotte, and French by birth, Bernadotteserved a long career in the French Army. He was appointed as a Marshal of France by Napoleon, although the two didn’t have the best relationship.

When Bernadotte was appointed as ambassador to Sweden and then decided to abandon his support for Napoleon in a political move, he gained the favour of Sweden, and became Sweden’s new king Karl Johan. The Swedish Karl Johan style, similar to Biedermeier, retained its pompus Napoleonic style throughout the 19th century. King Carl XIV Johan who had strong German and Danish influences adopted the Biedermeier style and expanded to many different areas of Sweden.

Scandinavian Country Joann Barwick (2)

Scandinavian Country Joann Barwick- Amazon

Empire Furniture Found In Sweden- Neoclassicism in the North Swedish Furniture and Interiors 1770-1850

Neoclassicism in the North: Swedish Furniture and Interiors 1770-1850- Amazon

Biedermeier to Bauhaus by Sigrid Sangl

Biedermeier to Bauhaus – Sigrid Sangl Amazon

aasid.parsons.edu

The World of Biedermeier

The World of Biedermeier

A Pair of Swedish Karl Johan Armchairs

A Pair of Swedish Karl Johan Armchairs

Biedermeier to Bauhaus

Biedermeier to Bauhaus – Sigrid Sangl Amazon

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Sean Munson On Flicker

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Sean Munson On Flicker

Here is a clear shot of the palace’s colors

Today, Rosendal Palace looks very much the same as it did during King Karl XVI Johan and King Oskar’s days, which makes it a unique document of the European Empire style.

The Empire style, which in Sweden is also known as Karl Johan style, is characterised by furniture in mahogany, wall-to-wall carpeting and magnificent curtain arrangements in strong colours. The Red Salon, the Blue Salon, the Yellow Salon and the Green Salon are all witness to the importance of colour for the period´s interiors.Noteworthy parts of the palace to see include the Library, in which Karl XIV Johan’s book collection is kept in mint condition and the interior of King Karl XIV Johan´s bedchamber which was moved from the Royal Palace in Stockholm to Rosendal in 1913.

A set of 6 Empire dining chairs made in Sweden during the Karl Johan
Period. Frame in mahogany with gilded flower detail on black splat.
Newly upholstered.

Pair of Russian Empire Mahogany Side Chairs

Pair of Russian Empire Mahogany Side Chairs

A pair of Tazzas from the late part of the Empire period

A pair of Tazzas from the late part of the Empire period. Made in Red French Marble, patinated bronze with decor of gilt bronze.

Swedish mahogany chest of drawers

Swedish mahogany chest of drawers amde during the Karl Johan period
1820-1830. Simple carvings on drawers front and rounded corners.

A pair of Swedish Biedermeier armchairs in light birch made during the mid 19th Century ca 1840

A pair of Swedish Biedermeier armchairs in light birch made during the mid 19th Century ca 1840.

A Pair of Swedish Karl Johan Armchairs

A Pair of Swedish Karl Johan Armchairs

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker -

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker

A single Empire desk chair made during the Empire period early 1800′s in SwedenA single Empire desk chair made during the Empire period early 1800’s in Sweden.

Rosendal Palace- Library – Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker

Rosendal Palace- Library – Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker

An empire game table from France made during the Empire Period ca 1800

An empire game table from France made during the Empire Period ca 1800.
Veneered in mahogany and decorated with inlays and brass detailing.
Opens up to a rectangular top.

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker

A pair of beautiful Karl Johan stools made in Birch

A pair of beautiful Karl Johan stools made in Birch

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker 3

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker 4

Rosendal Palace- Picture Credits- Faun070 On Flicker