Ellen Allen’s 18th-Century Connecticut Farmhouse

 18th-Century Connecticut Farmhouse Ethan Allen

At her historic Connecticut farmhouse, rug designer Ellen Allen embraces a laid-back style that brings the outside in.

Ellen Allen has spent her life surrounded by pattern and color, that the serenity of this house, and the simplistic design allows her to reset her mind from her career of designing.   Her 1745 Woodbury, Connecticut home has all the trademarks of period homes of it’s time.  Wide-plank floors, exposed beams, and original paned glass windows.

Read More Pictures Of This Home At Country Living Magazine

In the 17th and early 18th centuries, glass making was extremely difficult, dangerous, and expensive – so panes were smaller.

In fact, glass was so expensive that in Medieval times,when the owner was not in their home, it was a common practice to remove the windows glass, and place it in storage to protect it from being damaged. Glass was reserved only for the wealthy. Up to this time, it was normal to close windows off using hide, linen, or wooden shutters. Windows that contained glass wasn’t affordable until the 18th Century.

Most commonly, glass was made through two techniques – either the ‘crown glass technique’ or ‘broad cylinder’ methods. Both methods involved glass blowing where a molten glass was gathered on the end of a hollow iron tube and blown into a variety of shapes. In the 17th and 18th centuries when supply of glass grew enormously,cylinder glass was the most typical way of making window panes. Molten glass was blown into a cylindrical shape, where by the top and bottom were cut off, which the soft cylinder was then split lengthways and flattened out into a sheet. The flat sheet
of glass was then placed in an oven to cool and harden.

As glass making techniques improved and costs decreased, larger panes were made and it became fashionable to see nine over nine panels or six over six panels and so on.

Later, homeowners would replace their twelve over twelve windows with six over six panels, because with larger panes was a sign of wealth.

See more illustrations of the crown glass technique at bassetlaw.gov.uk